The COntribution of Social Media In Crisis management (COSMIC) project will identify the most effective ways to utilise new information and communication technologies (ICTs) in crisis situations for the protection of ordinary citizens.
It will ensure better linkages between prevention, detection, reporting and rescue in crisis situations as well as assist officials and first responders (i.e., police and law enforcement agencies, search and rescue and medical personnel) in using new ICTs and applications to be more effective and efficient during crises.
COSMIC will review information and communication needs, infrastructure bottlenecks, security priorities and major stakeholders associated with crisis situations, particularly those involved in search and rescue missions/operations, and the role of first responders in those situations. Second, the project will examine new ICTs and applications and their use (or misuse) in crisis situations. The project will also explore emerging ICTs and applications, and identify political, social and industrial challenges and opportunities arising from these. The consortium will develop scenarios that consider possibilities for their use in crisis situations by the public, officials and first responders.
More information: www.cosmic-project.eu
In a disaster situation three things contribute to a success: having the right resource available in the shortest time, with the highest relevance and at the right location.
Access to necessary information, communication with other rescuers and stakeholders as well as the availability of resources are key factors in minimizing damage and loss of life. Large scale disasters and crisis situations increase the requirements on man and material exponentially. Additional challenges, in particular in cross border events, include language barriers, knowhow and organizational barriers and technical barriers (communication and data exchange).
To address this challenge it will be necessary to analyse three defining factors:
Past responses to critical events and disasters in terms of time and cost
The data and data management tool used by crisis managers and first responders
The organisational structures of the crisis managers and first responders
This analysis will enable the definition of a concept for a common information space. A requirement for a successful pan European information space is the definition of a common taxonomy. The common information space, which implies an EU wide standardization activity, will widen the EU wide market for organization developing solutions and tools for crisis management.
More information: www.episecc.eu
The Foresight Tools for Responding to cascading effects in a crisis (FORTRESS) project is a three year project that started in April 2014 and will end in March 2017. The aim of the project is to identify and understand cascading effects in crises by using evidence-based information from a range of previous crisis situations. Cascading effects in crises are frequently caused by the malfunctioning of systems, such as telecommunication, or human errors in disaster preparation and management. Interdependencies and connections between systems and actors play a large role in the development of cascading effects, which spread disruptions in complex ways, making them difficult to comprehend and deal with.
FORTRESS will build a modeling platform for cascading and cross-border effects in a range of crisis situations. This platform will feed into the development of an Incident Evolution Tool which can be used as a decision support tool in cascading crises.
FORTRESS has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 607579.
More information: http://fortress-project.eu/
PULSE is a Collaborative Research Project funded under the European Seventh Framework Programme – Theme SEC -2013.4.1-4: ”Development of decision support tools for improving preparedness and response of Health Services involved in emergency situations” (Grant agreement 607799). The PULSE consortium is comprised of seven partners from five European Countries, they are: Skytek Limited – Ireland (coordinator), Centre for European Security Strategies (CESS) – Germany, Onest Solutions – Romania, Trilateral Research Ltd – United Kingdom (Legal, Ethical, Privacy and Policy Issues Officer for the project), Universita Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore (UCSC ) – Italy, Selex ES (a Finmeccanica company)- Italy, and the Health Services Executive (HSE)/Inter Agency Emergency Management Office (IAEMO) – Ireland. PULSE aims to define, develop and validates a set of decision support tools to improve preparedness and response of European Health Services involved in emergency situations. The project began in May 2014 and ends in October 2016.
The Tools, methods And training for CommuniTIes and Society to better prepare for a Crisis (TACTIC) project aims to increase preparedness to large-scale and cross-border disasters amongst communities and societies in Europe.
Throughout its two-year duration (May 2014 – April 2016), TACTICwill consider studies on risk perception and preparedness to develop a preparedness audit enabling communities to assess how prepared they are for different types of crises.
Additionally, TACTIC will focus on identifying and categorising good practices of communication and education practices for preparedness.
Adopting a collaborative approach to preparedness, the audit, communication and education practices will be discussed and analysed with stakeholders in a series of workshops as part of TACTIC’s case studies on four types of crises: terrorism, floods, epidemics, and earthquakes. Subsequently, a long-term learning framework for improving community preparedness to a range of crisis situations will be developed. All of TACTIC’s outputs will be presented in a web-based platform.
TACTIC has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 608058.
More information: http://www.tacticproject.eu/